Influence of various additives on stability and phase change characteristics of DI water-GnP-based NFPCM for cold thermal energy storage systems

The present work aims to investigate the effects of various additives on the stability of graphene nanoplatelet (GnP)–based nanofluid phase change material (NFPCM) for cold thermal energy storage (CTES). The NFPCMs are prepared by dispersing six different types of surfactants (anionic, cationic, and non-ionic types) in deionized (DI) water at a mass ratio of 1:0.5 GnP to surfactant. NFPCMs can be found to be stable with a suitable surfactant even after 30 days using zeta-potential distribution, UV–vis absorption, visual inspection, and sedimentation tests at low temperature. The maximum enhancement in thermal conductivity of 8.3% and 48.3% is recorded in both liquid and solid states for the NFPCM with gum arabic (GA) respectively. The viscosity was enhanced by the dispersion of non-ionic surfactants, where the anionic surfactant (sodium dodecylbenzene sulfonate (SDBS)) NFPCM had a 29.9% lower augmentation compared to DI water. Furthermore, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) results demonstrate that the phase change properties of the NFPCM are significantly affected depending on the surfactant type. The maximum phase change enthalpy is lowered (10.6%) in the Tween 80 NFPCM as compared to the base PCM. The long-term stability with the highest thermal transport property of the NFPCM storage unit integrated with the chiller is capable of achieving environmental pollution remediation by minimising the time it takes to charge the PCM.

» Publication Date: 05/05/2022

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This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement Nº 768737


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