A lithiophilic hyperbranched polymer-decorated three-dimensional carbon skeleton boosting highly reversible lithium metal anode

The short cycling lifespan and serious safety issues caused by the crazy growth of dendrites, have severely restricted the practical application of Li metal anodes (LMAs) in high energy density batteries. Here, a three-dimensional (3D) porous conductive framework enriched with lithiophilic functional groups is proposed for stabilizing Li metal anodes, which is fabricated by coating hyperbranched polyol (HP) on the carbon fiber cloth (CFC) through a simple esterification reaction. The abundant lithiophilic groups distributed on HP can disperse the Li ion flow and guide the uniform nucleation of Li. The 3D porous skeleton not only promotes ion diffusion and electron transport but also provides adequate space for Li storage. Symmetrical battery configurated with [email protected] hybrid anode demonstrates stable cycling over 800 h with low voltage hysteresis at a current density of 2 mA cm?2. With a commercial LiFePO4 (LFP) cathode, the [email protected]//LFP full battery can realize a high capacity retention rate of 88.9% and a stable Coulombic efficiency (CE) close to 100% after 500 cycles at 2 C. The [email protected] anode, which is constructed by a modification of LMAs using the targeted lithiophilic coating, provides a promising strategy for the exploration of high-performance Li metal batteries (LMBs).

» Author: Hongxia Wang, Weimin Chen, Zhigao Chen, Cheng Zhang, Long Jiang, Faquan Yu

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This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement Nº 768737


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