Sb(III) resistance mechanism and oxidation characteristics of Klebsiella aerogenes X

Resistant bacteria are potential natural materials for the bioremediation of soil metalloid pollution. A strain isolated from farmland soil chronically exposed to Sb was identified as K. aerogenes X with high antimonite [Sb(III)] tolerance and oxidation ability. The resistance mechanism of K. aerogenes X and its extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), antioxidant enzymes, and oxidation characteristics in Sb(III) stress were investigated in this study by stress incubation experiments and FTIR. The biotoxicity of Sb was limited by the binding of the organic compounds in EPS, and the anionic functional groups (e.g., amino, carboxyl and hydroxyl groups, etc.) present in the cell envelope were the components primarily responsible for the metalloid-binding capability of K. aerogenes X. The K. aerogenes X can oxidize Sb(III), and its metabolites induce changes in reactive oxygen species (ROS), catalase (CAT), total superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione s-transferase (GSH-S) activity, indicating that the resistance mechanisms of K. aerogenes X are mediated by oxidative stress, EPS restriction and cell damage. Oxidation of Sb(III) is driven by interactions in intracellular oxidation, cell electron transport, extracellular metabolism including proteins and low molecular weight components (LMWs). LMWs (molecular weight

» Author: Qun Rong, Caiyuan Ling, Dingtian Lu, Chaolan Zhang, Hecheng Zhao, Kai Zhong, Xinyu Nong, Xingzi Qin

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This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement Nº 768737


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