Effect of Preload on the Weld Quality of Ultrasonic Welded Carbon-Fiber-Reinforced Nylon 6 Composite

Ultrasonic welding (UW) of polymeric composites is significant in automobile industry; however, maintaining the perfect contact condition between workpieces is a great concern. In this study, effect of preloading and welding pressure on strengths of UWed 2.3-mm-thick short carbon fiber reinforced nylon6 (Cf/PA6) joints with poor contact between workpieces was investigated through stress simulation and energy dissipation at the faying interface. Results showed the application of preloading can increase the strength of normal joint by 18.7% under optimal welding parameters. Gaps between upper and lower workpieces decreased the joint strength significantly, especially for gaps greater than 1.5 mm. Preloading improved the strengths of the joints with gaps remarkably, where the strength of joints with 1.5 mm gap recovered to 95.5% of that the normal joint. When combining the weld nugget evolution, stress-deformation simulation during UW, and ultrasonic vibration transmission analysis, the improvement mechanism of the joint under preloading was mainly because the preloading compacted the contact between workpieces, which favored the energy transmission at faying interface.

» Author: Zengguo Tian

» Reference: doi: 10.3390/polym14132650

» Publication Date: 29/06/2022

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This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement Nº 768737


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