Activated Corrosion Products Evaluations for Occupational Dose Mitigation in Nuclear Fusion Facilities

Activated corrosion products generation in primary heat transfer systems of nuclear fusion facilities is a relevant radiological source term for occupation dose assessments. The formation of the Chalk River Undefined Deposit, already well known in nuclear fission power plants, represents a significant safety issue in fusion applications due to the intense high energy neutron fluences (about 14 MeV in Deuterium-Tritium operation). The activated corrosion products formation is a multi-physical problem. The combined synergy of activation, corrosion, dissolution, erosion, ejection, precipitation, and transport phenomena induces the contamination of coolant loop regions located outside the bio-shield, where scheduled worker operation might take place. The following manuscript shows how activated corrosion products are evaluated for the nuclear fusion power plant design under investigation by the Safety and Environment Work Package (WPSAE) of the Eurofusion Consortium (i.e., the European Demonstration power plant, EU-DEMO). The major issues in activated corrosion products estimations are here exposed and the main results for mass and activity inventories are briefly shown for some main Primary Heat Transfer Systems of EU-DEMO.

» Author: Nicholas Terranova

» Reference: doi: 10.3390/environments9070076

» Publication Date: 22/06/2022

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This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement Nº 768737


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